Indian States and Capitals, List of all Indian States & Union Territories and their capitals

Indian States and Capitals: India is the largest democracy in the world. Also, India is home to more than 1.38 billion people, d.i.e, 1/5 of the world population living in India.

So It becomes challenging to manage such a large country from one place. That is why the “Indian Constitution” gives the right to the Central Government to make entities.

India is a country with 28 states and 8 union territories. Each state has its own unique culture, language, traditions, etc. This article will list all Indian States, union territories, and capitals. Also, I’ll tell some interesting facts about their formation and other things

Political Map of India:

Political Map of India , Indian States and Capitals
Indian States and Capitals: source: burningcompass.com

Check out this latest Political map of India! It shows the total number and names of states in lavender and their capitals.


List of all Indian States and Capitals:

State Founded Date Capital
Andhra Pradesh 1 Nov 1956 Amaravati
Arunachal Pradesh 20 Feb 1987 Itanagar
Assam 26 Jan 1950 Dispur
Bihar 26 Jan 1950 Patna
Chhattisgarh 1 Nov 2000 Raipur
Goa 30 May 1987 Panaji
Gujarat 1 May 1960 Gandhinagar
Haryana 1 Nov 1966 Chandigarh
Himachal Pradesh 25 Jan 1971 Shimla
Jharkhand 15 Nov 2000 Ranchi
Karnataka 1 Nov 1956 Bengaluru
Kerala 1 Nov 1956 Thiruvananthapuram
Madhya Pradesh 1 Nov 1956 Bhopal
Maharashtra 1 May 1960 Mumbai
Manipur 21 Jan 1972 Imphal
Meghalaya 21 Jan 1972 Shillong
Mizoram 20 Feb 1987 Aizawl
Nagaland 1 Dec 1963 Kohima
Odisha 26 Jan 1950 Bhubaneswar
Punjab 1 Nov 1956 Chandigarh
Rajasthan 1 Nov 1956 Jaipur
Sikkim 16 May 1975 Gangtok
Tamil Nadu 26 Jan 1950 Chennai
Telangana 2 June 2014 Hyderabad
Tripura 21 Jan 1972 Agartala
Uttar Pradesh 26 Jan 1950 Lucknow
Uttarakhand 9 Nov 2000 Dehradun, Gairsain (Summer)
West Bengal 1 Nov 1956 Kolkata

List of all Union Territories of india:

Union Territory is ruled directly by a Lieutenant Governor as an administrator by the Central Government. He is the representative of the President of India and appointed by the Central government.

Note: After the repeal of the special status of Jammu & Kashmir in July 2019, on October 31, 2019, the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir was bifurcated into two union territories:
Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh
Therefore, now India has 8 Union Territories.

Union Territories Name Founded on Capital
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1 Nov, 1956 Port Blair
Chandigarh 1 Nov, 1966 Chandigarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu 26 Jan, 2020 Daman
Delhi 9 May, 1905 New Delhi
Jammu and Kashmir 31 Oct 2019 Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)
Lakshadweep 1 Nov, 1956 Kavaratti
Puducherry 1 Nov, 1954 Pondicherry
Ladakh 31 Oct 2019 Leh


list of largest and Smallest states and Union Territories:

Here is a list of the largest and Smallest states and Union Territories whit their total area.

Largest State Rajasthan 342,239 Sq km
Smallest State Goa 3,702 Sq km
Largest Union Territory Andaman & Nicobar Islands 8,249 Sq km
Smallest Union Territory Lakshadweep 32 Sq km
Largest District Kachchh (Gujarat) 45,652 Sq km
Smallest District Mahe ( Pondicherry ) 9 Sq km


State wise population of india in 2022:

  According to Census Population Projection Report India’s Population in 2022 is estimated to 13,75,586,000 (1.38 Billion or 138 Crore ) here are the Statewise Population

Rank States / Union Territories 2011 Census 2022 estimates
1 Uttar Pradesh 19,98,12,341 23 Crores
2 Maharashtra 11,23,74,333 12.44 Crores
3 Bihar 10,40,99,452 12.30 Crores
4 West Bengal 9,12,76,115 9.8 Crores
5 Madhya Pradesh 7,26,26,809 8.45 Crores
6 Tamil Nadu 7,21,47,030 7.65 Crores
7 Rajasthan 6,85,48,437 7.92 Crores
8 Karnataka 6,10,95,297 6.70 Crores
9 Gujarat 6,04,39,692 7 Crores
10 Andhra Pradesh 49,386,799 5.27 Crores
11 Odisha 4,19,74,218 4.55 Crores
12 Telangana 35,193,978  3.80 Crores
13 Kerala 3,34,06,061 3.55 Crores
14 Jharkhand 3,29,88,134 3.85 Crores
15 Assam 3,12,05,576 3.50 Crores
16 Punjab 2,77,43,338 3 Crores
17 Chhattisgarh 2,55,45,198 2.95 Crores
18 Haryana 2,53,51,462 2.95 Crores
19 Delhi 1,67,87,941 2 Crores
20 Jammu & Kashmir 1,22,58,433 1.34 Crores
21 Uttarakhand 1,00,86,292 1.14 Crores
22 Himachal Pradesh 68,64,602 74 Lakhs
23 Tripura 36,73,917 41 Lakhs
24 Meghalaya 29,66,889 33 Lakhs
25 Manipur 28,55,794 31.65 Lakhs
26 Nagaland 19,78,502 22 Lakhs
27 Goa 14,58,545 16 Lakhs
28 Arunachal Pradesh 13,83,727 15.33 Lakhs
29 Puducherry 12,47,953 15.71 Lakhs
30 Mizoram 10,97,206 12.16 Lakhs
31 Chandigarh 10,55,450 12 Lakhs
32 Sikkim 6,10,577 6.77 Lakhs
33 Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu 5,86,956 10.77 Lakhs
34 Andaman & Nicobar 3,80,581 4 Lakhs
35 Ladakh 274,289  2.97 Lakhs
36 Lakshadweep 64,473 68000


Districts In Bihar:

Districts In Rajasthan

Districts In Maharashtra

Districts In Uttar Pradesh

Bharat Ratna List 


Important Facts of indian States and union territories:

  • Area-wise, the four largest states in descending order are Rajasthan> Madhya Pradesh> Maharashtra> Andhra Pradesh.
  • Goa is the smallest state of India area-wise.
  • The largest district in india is Kachchh (Gujarat), and the smallest district is Mahe (Puducherry)
  • The southern point of India is Indira Point and is situated on the island of Andaman and Nicobar.
  •  The Andaman & Nicobar Islands are also known as the Emerald Islands.
  • The world’s highest rail bridge is built on the Chenab River between Bakkal and Kauri in the Reasi district of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • At over 19,300 feet, the Ladakh road is the highest motorable road globally.
  • In 2021 India recorded 26 official holidays, including Independence DayDeepavali, Holi, and Christmas.
  • Varanasi(Banaras or Kashi) is the most ancient surviving city in the world.

States and Capitals – FAQs :

How many states are there in India?

There are 28 states in India, as well eight union territories diffracted by their culture, language, tradition, etc. 

How many union territories are there in India?

There are 8 union territories in India at present.

What is the Capital of India?

New Delhi is the capital of India.

what is Literacy Rate In India 2022?

 According to official data, the overall Literacy Rate in India is about 75%.

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